Microwave synthesized ZnO nanorod arrays for UV sensors: A seed layer annealing temperature study

TitleMicrowave synthesized ZnO nanorod arrays for UV sensors: A seed layer annealing temperature study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsPimentel A, Ferreira SH, Nunes D, Calmeiro T, Martins R, Fortunato E
KeywordsAnnealed temperature, Annealing, Annealing temperatures, Atomic force microscopy, Coatings, Hydrothermal methods, Hydrothermal synthesis, Microwave sensors, Microwaves, Nanorods, Optical and electrical properties, Optical properties, Scanning electron microscopy, Spin coating, Spin-coating method, Ultraviolet devices, UV sensor, X ray diffraction, Zinc oxide, ZnO nanorod arrays, ZnO nanostructures

The present work reports the influence of zinc oxide (ZnO) seed layer annealing temperature on structural, optical and electrical properties of ZnO nanorod arrays, synthesized by hydrothermal method assisted by microwave radiation, to be used as UV sensors. The ZnO seed layer was produced using the spin-coating method and several annealing temperatures, ranging from 100 to 500 °C, have been tested. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and spectrophotometry measurements have been used to investigate the structure, morphology, and optical properties variations of the produced ZnO nanorod arrays regarding the seed layer annealing temperatures employed. After the growth of ZnO nanorod arrays, the whole structure was tested as UV sensors, showing an increase in the sensitivity with the increase of seed layer annealing temperature. The UV sensor response of ZnO nanorod arrays produced with the seed layer annealed temperature of 500 °C was 50 times superior to the ones produced with a seed layer annealed at 100 °C. © 2016 by the authors.