Laser welded superelastic Cu-Al-Mn shape memory alloy wires

TitleLaser welded superelastic Cu-Al-Mn shape memory alloy wires
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
Authorsb Oliveira JP a, Panton B b, c Zeng Z b, Omori T d, Zhou Y b, Miranda RM e, Braz Fernandes FM a
JournalMaterials and Design
KeywordsAluminum, Copper alloys, Cu-Al-Mn, Cu-based shape memory alloy, Fine equiaxed grains, Grain refinement, Indentation, Laser beam welding, Manganese, Neodymium, Shape memory alloy wire, Shape memory effect, Spot welding, Spot-welding process, Super elastic behavior, Super-elastic alloys, Superelasticity, Tensile testing, Welding, Welds

This paper presents the first study on welding of Cu-based shape memory alloys. The superelastic wires used in the investigation had a nominal composition of Cu-17Al-11.4Mn (at.%). The pulsed Nd:YAG spot welding process altered the original bamboo-like microstructure of the base metal to a fusion zone with fine equiaxed grains. Micro-load-indentation depth analysis revealed that the grain refinement increased the ductility of the fusion zone compared to the base material. Tensile tests did not show any significant difference between base material and welded specimens, with failure occurring far away from the welds in the larger grained base metal. Mechanical cycling and superelastic behavior of the welded joints showed a faster stabilization of the hysteretic response than the base material, which is beneficial for applications where energy absorption is required. The Cu-Al-Mn superelastic alloy had a very high weldability and superior properties compared to other laser welded shape memory alloys, such as NiTi. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.