Tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding of Ni-rich NiTi plates: Functional behavior

TitleTungsten inert gas (TIG) welding of Ni-rich NiTi plates: Functional behavior
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsOliveira JP a, Barbosa D b, Fernandes FMB a, Miranda RM b
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
KeywordsBending tests, Complex shaped component, Elasticity, Industrial environments, Inert gas welding, Inert gases, Laser beam welding, Mechanical cycling, Nickel, NiTi, NiTi shape memory alloys, Shape memory effect, Strain, Stress-strain curves, Superelasticity, Tensile strength, Tensile testing, Tungsten, Tungsten inert gas welding, Uniaxial tensile test, Welding

It is often reported that, to successfully join NiTi shape memory alloys, fusion-based processes with reduced thermal affected regions (as in laser welding) are required. This paper describes an experimental study performed on the tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding of 1.5 mm thick plates of Ni-rich NiTi. The functional behavior of the joints was assessed. The superelasticity was analyzed by cycling tests at maximum imposed strains of 4, 8 and 12% and for a total of 600 cycles, without rupture. The superelastic plateau was observed, in the stress-strain curves, 30 MPa below that of the base material. Shape-memory effect was evidenced by bending tests with full recovery of the initial shape of the welded joints. In parallel, uniaxial tensile tests of the joints showed a tensile strength of 700 MPa and an elongation to rupture of 20%. The elongation is the highest reported for fusion-welding of NiTi, including laser welding. These results can be of great interest for the wide-spread inclusion of NiTi in complex shaped components requiring welding, since TIG is not an expensive process and is simple to operate and implement in industrial environments. © 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd.